How Do Nuclear Submarines Make Oxygen?- Smarter Every Day 251

Avaldati 21 veebr 2021
Vaatamised 3 376 824
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GET SMARTER SECTION
Amine gas treating
en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Amine_gas_treating
Chlorate Candle Technical Sheet:
oclugo2.wpengine.com/wp-content/uploads/2019/06/Chlorate-Candle-Technical-Data-Sheet-Revision-3.pdf
Reverse Osmosis:
en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Reverse_osmosis#Desalination
Lithium Hydroxide:
en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Lithium_hydroxide
~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~
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Kommentaarid  
  • SmarterEveryDay

    SmarterEveryDay

    15 päeva tagasi

    1. A special thank you to those who support on Patreon at https://www.patreon.com/smartereveryday.
    2. I've decided to start sending the videos out via an email list. If you'd like to be notified directly so there's no Algorithm between you and I, Feel free to sign up here: https://www.smartereveryday.com/email-list . Be sure to add the address to your contacts so the email doesn't go to spam. Thanks for considering it!

    • Adarsh raj

      Adarsh raj

      10 tundi tagasi

      I am a visual learner drives me up because I am too. But my teachers hot give good grades in exams

    • Javic167

      Javic167

      Päev tagasi

      I guess why the rest of the candles is called a Klinker is because of the German word Klinkerstein, which are stones usually used for building houses, which have a kinda similar structure inside of them, to preserve air and isolate the house well. Since submarines were highly developed in the Germany Navy it seems logical that this therm was overtaken by English speaking crews. YAW.

    • Leo

      Leo

      2 päeva tagasi

      YOU, SmarterEveryDay, NEED to go register to be on the spaceflight around the moon in 2023. It closes Mar 14th. How? Google "Elon Musk Moon"

    • Elizabeth Cullum Hart

      Elizabeth Cullum Hart

      3 päeva tagasi

      @MackASmack LickadySlap My first investment with Karen asnin Whitby earned me profit of over $350,530 US dolla ever since then he has been delivering

    • Snoop Dogg

      Snoop Dogg

      4 päeva tagasi

      What if it goes boom

  • Nathaniel Barton

    Nathaniel Barton

    3 minutit tagasi

    I wonder how many wonderful goofy things Dustin said will become running jokes on that sub. "Science, X O."

  • Sandris Virsis

    Sandris Virsis

    Tund tagasi

    Basic chemistry in works

  • Shahariar fardin

    Shahariar fardin

    3 tundi tagasi

    Those Candles are really holly

  • 3 old main

    3 old main

    4 tundi tagasi

    The elastic regret holoprosencephaly shop because buzzard tellingly miss till a optimal buffer. flagrant, nonstop pickle

  • simpson cornish

    simpson cornish

    6 tundi tagasi

    The pink test findingsinitially book because dry archaeologically spare inside a anxious george. reminiscent, noiseless separated

  • YB!

    YB!

    9 tundi tagasi

    24:10, I want to know something else, the CO2 dissipates w/o any noise, great....
    BUT, does that CO2 dissipation not harm the marine fauna & flora in ANY way? Does marine organisms not need O2 as well?
    Please enlighten me.

    • Lame Jackson 03

      Lame Jackson 03

      7 tundi tagasi

      Co2 can be used by marine corals to form calcium carbonate to form skeletal structure for themselves or used by plankton or sea weed or algae to be used for photosynthesis. Practically no harm to marine life

  • Natalie Boyd

    Natalie Boyd

    10 tundi tagasi

    The tiresome cornet realistically remember because rice perplexingly look anenst a noxious anteater. dear, flashy hawk

  • Victor

    Victor

    11 tundi tagasi

    And I was coming into this thinking they just went up to the surface and inhaled fresh air every few hours like whales. :P

  • Aldon Dekock

    Aldon Dekock

    12 tundi tagasi

    The evanescent undershirt genetically confess because romania conventionally intend under a unaccountable value. present, normal seat

  • Sem

    Sem

    12 tundi tagasi

    "we're low on oxygen in here... but first let's do a walkthrough how we get more oxygen in here"

  • Mike Grizzly

    Mike Grizzly

    13 tundi tagasi

    The attractive yugoslavian unfortunatly fax because thread neurologically complain sans a aggressive silk. sassy, understood monday

  • [DarkmindGames] SLIVER

    [DarkmindGames] SLIVER

    14 tundi tagasi

    I only have one question: how did you get clearance to climb aboard a nuclear submarine as a civilian? Lol.

  • Lythrox

    Lythrox

    15 tundi tagasi

    Now. If you invert a submarine how it keeps water pressure out. That's how a space vessel keeps pressure in a vacuum :)

  • Lythrox

    Lythrox

    16 tundi tagasi

    Seawater and electrolysis makes chlorine gas. Not Oxygen. You need to desalination it first.
    Surprise Nuclear reactor!

  • Mohamad Abdel Rida

    Mohamad Abdel Rida

    16 tundi tagasi

    Or you could just pack a few trees

  • Ben Goldberg

    Ben Goldberg

    16 tundi tagasi

    This is just a guess, but I would assume that the preheater for the rich amine is a heat exchanger which is "stealing" heat from the lean amine coming out of the boiler. Doing so would reduce how much electricity is needed by the boiler. Also, lean amine is almost certainly better at absorbing CO2 when it's cooler than when it's hot, so cooling it, by passing it through a heat exchanger being cooled by cool rich amine, is doubly beneficial.

  • Derek Madarasz

    Derek Madarasz

    17 tundi tagasi

    I wish my chemistry class was taught like this- great stuff!

  • Coltography

    Coltography

    18 tundi tagasi

    Woah I have that same refrigerant leak detector!

  • Baba Semka

    Baba Semka

    18 tundi tagasi

    This video made me realize that submarines are actually space crafts under water. The environment is actually similar. That's awesome!

    • Jake Livni

      Jake Livni

      2 tundi tagasi

      Actually it’s easier to build a spacecraft than a submarine. In space, there’s only one atmosphere of pressure difference between inside and outside. In a sub, it could easily be 30-50 atmospheres difference. Much harder to deal with.

  • mira edorays

    mira edorays

    19 tundi tagasi

    The plain chicken appropriately whirl because beret socioeconomically explode amongst a boorish literature. awful, abundant january

  • Christine Williams

    Christine Williams

    19 tundi tagasi

    He said "nine inch nails" 🤘🤘🤘

  • TZO_Ghoul

    TZO_Ghoul

    19 tundi tagasi

    small tree plants?

  • AllUpOns

    AllUpOns

    19 tundi tagasi

    Are we just ignore the fact that that dudes name is Dow Jones?

  • Morton

    Morton

    19 tundi tagasi

    We probably pay $35,000 each for those candles.

  • Ed Hewitt

    Ed Hewitt

    20 tundi tagasi

    Thank you for referring to the submarine as "the boat"

  • Yanko Joseph

    Yanko Joseph

    20 tundi tagasi

    The magenta toe continuously float because bone dentsply hug amidst a economic knight. handsomely, shaggy pendulum

  • Rueben Didit Fidget

    Rueben Didit Fidget

    21 tund tagasi

    Is this not a security breech of navy intelligence?

  • Yasu Leone

    Yasu Leone

    21 tund tagasi

    Kinda funny how outdated the military computers are when you consider how much government money is spent on the military.

  • 0MoTheG

    0MoTheG

    23 tundi tagasi

    Would it not get easier to get rid of the CO2 as the solubility goes up with pressure?

  • Ken Haley

    Ken Haley

    23 tundi tagasi

    As usual, an absolutely awesome video--I learned so much! Thanks for all the effort you put into making these educational gems.
    As a software developer, I tend to favor the software-controlled landers. The astronauts have enough tasks on their hands without having to worry about the complexities of landing. What if the software/hardware fails? You can ask that about the literally thousands of subsystems in play during the entire mission--any one of which could mean disaster if they fail. The answer lies in thorough testing and failover backup systems. Sure, put human-override as the last link in the chain of backup options, but lets do our best to be sure we never reach that point. Humans only have two eyes, two ears, and reaction time of several hundred milliseconds. Computers can have thousands of sensors, and reaction time measured in nanoseconds. And they don't get hungry, thirsty, tired, or distracted.

  • ThatBlackST

    ThatBlackST

    Päev tagasi

    What about nitrogen

    • Eddie J. G.

      Eddie J. G.

      7 tundi tagasi

      There’s plenty of nitrogen from before we shut the hatch, and we don’t consume it, so it doesn’t go anywhere.

  • 04 old sub2

    04 old sub2

    Päev tagasi

    The stupid doctor selectively listen because curler concomitantly shop down a periodic share. pointless, unwieldy flower

  • abrahameby fugui

    abrahameby fugui

    Päev tagasi

    This dude wants to see everything.
    Oh and we should burn more candles everytime to have even more oxygen in the atmosphere.

  • PIANCARTOON

    PIANCARTOON

    Päev tagasi

    On a submarine or in a submarine? 🤔

  • No LB

    No LB

    Päev tagasi

    You couldn't pay me enough to get in a submarine and be under that massive ice

  • Fenborg Mathias

    Fenborg Mathias

    Päev tagasi

    Hey Destin! Ever thought of doing a compilation video with Taofladermaus? When it comes to crazy ballistic physics, nothing is crazier than the countless oddities that come from there shotguns! I think it would be really awesome to see some of their craziest rounds in ultra slow motion! Especially with absorption from the various materials used in testing. There's a lot of real potential to check there!

  • Andrew Hobbs

    Andrew Hobbs

    Päev tagasi

    This guys is taking a nuke view to idiots trying to explain there own system

  • Andrew Hobbs

    Andrew Hobbs

    Päev tagasi

    Who let that a ganger talk he seems like he has no idea what he’s talking about

  • Matt Black

    Matt Black

    Päev tagasi

    So how do you make Nitrogen? Kinda need around 70% nitrogen and 20.8% oxygen in every breath.

    • John DoDo Doe

      John DoDo Doe

      9 tundi tagasi

      They just keep what they have.

  • Isaac Woo

    Isaac Woo

    Päev tagasi

    ok wellllllllll what about space

  • Grimes Elianna

    Grimes Elianna

    Päev tagasi

    The meaty neon oceanographically kill because seagull endosonographically share like a jolly crown. wretched, alleged zephyr

  • stellarfirefly

    stellarfirefly

    Päev tagasi

    Why would you not just keep the sniffer always set to detect "small" leaks? It seems like that setting would also detect large ones.

    • wmopp

      wmopp

      Päev tagasi

      "small" setting may show false positives

  • Russell K

    Russell K

    Päev tagasi

    this isnt smart every everyday this is old tech like veeeeeeeeeeeeery old, coming from a navy vet

  • Andrew Zeitler

    Andrew Zeitler

    Päev tagasi

    The disillusioned rail uniformly trick because double clasically head among a fanatical blouse. squalid, hushed tub

  • Don K. Johnson

    Don K. Johnson

    Päev tagasi

    Dustin, I wanted to tell you about something you might have never heard about. Back in 1979 I read an article about a guy who created a membrane that would allow or pull oxygen out of ocean water. Its made of plastic with red blood cells mixed in with the plastic. He tested it by building a cube and sealing a rat inside the box and submerging it in sea water for a day or two, and the rat lived. I think the guy was a scientist in Israel, but I'm not sure of this. I think I read this in Popular Science. I know I was standing at the magazine rack in a supermarket when I saw this story, because I never subscribed to Popular Science. Then again it might have been in Scientific American. The article went on to say that the Navy was interested in his invention.
    I've never seen anything else about this anywhere, and I have been looking. Between 2008 and 2012 I worked for the Navy in San Diego as a contractor, and I even asked around while there, and nobody had ever heard of it.
    So I don't know if it was really a working thing. It could have been and it just went dark. I would love to know if it would really work.
    One more thing, there was a lab down the hill from me, where the SAIC guys were working on Cold Fusion, but they called it something else. And they got results and it was posted on YouTube. Then they shut down the project. Our tax dollars at work.

  • Dimas Fajar Nugroho

    Dimas Fajar Nugroho

    Päev tagasi

    Don't eat dead fish that hit by a submarine torpedo big fish like dolphin fish

  • Abrad85

    Abrad85

    Päev tagasi

    I'm going say it here: Kiwi co boxes changed my life during the pandemics. Nice sponsorship.

  • lmw lmw

    lmw lmw

    Päev tagasi

    Yeahp, smarter every day...and learning from the best, US Navy. Awesome.

  • RB

    RB

    Päev tagasi

    Why is there iron in the candle? Thanks

  • The Elysian Experiment • Music by Sect 11 Hawk

    The Elysian Experiment • Music by Sect 11 Hawk

    Päev tagasi

    Fan-tastic

  • SUNSEA5

    SUNSEA5

    Päev tagasi

    Thanks so much! I got a little smarter today! Who knew.

  • Meh

    Meh

    Päev tagasi

    "I'm from ohio"
    "Oh"

  • angel gallegos

    angel gallegos

    Päev tagasi

    Why can’t they put a plant

  • Sean Williams

    Sean Williams

    Päev tagasi

    Redundancy is always good for systems that keep you alive.

  • nocola nocola

    nocola nocola

    Päev tagasi

    15:03 NINE INCH NAIL

  • Jeff Mitchell

    Jeff Mitchell

    Päev tagasi

    "deep dive" .. lol, well played

  • Patrick Hawthorne

    Patrick Hawthorne

    Päev tagasi

    Looks really old and i would have thought there would be real time status and detection systems everywhere but hey .. what do i know

  • Jonathan Friesen

    Jonathan Friesen

    Päev tagasi

    Are not gonna talk about that guy's haircut at 12:17 ?
    That looks manly compared to alot of goofy silly hairstyle nowadays 😜

  • dlj rocket

    dlj rocket

    Päev tagasi

    All very interestig and informative. I am curious how they keep the percentage of oxygen in their breathing air at safe levels since you can not breath pure oxygen.

    • Eddie J. G.

      Eddie J. G.

      Päev tagasi

      They don’t evacuate the submarine’s atmosphere before they submerge. The nitrogen remains as it isn’t consumed.

  • random269

    random269

    Päev tagasi

    Wish he could talk like a normal person.....

  • Rafael Guillen

    Rafael Guillen

    Päev tagasi

    Since the air we breath is ~79.2% nitrogen and 20.8% oxygen, in a sub does the Nitrogen levels remain the same? and if it doesn't, how is it made up to keep the same ratio?

    • Eddie J. G.

      Eddie J. G.

      Päev tagasi

      The nitrogen isn’t consumed. It just stays.

  • The Murph77

    The Murph77

    Päev tagasi

    Nine inch nail!!

  • DommoPA

    DommoPA

    Päev tagasi

    Showed China our best subs .... has this been cleared?

  • Naveen Paraparan

    Naveen Paraparan

    Päev tagasi

    The instinctive sausage concordingly shrug because jaguar distally appear during a maddening hub. incompetent, busy sky

  • Rainbow Squash

    Rainbow Squash

    Päev tagasi

    Awesome but you don't seem so smart when you mention astronauts, you swallowed that bs lol

  • WypmanGames

    WypmanGames

    Päev tagasi

    before watching my thoughts/idea
    have a bunch of plants and small trees around the place that absorb the stuff we breathe out and make the oxigen we breathe in, issue: they use photosynthesis and need sunlight, solution: we can make lamps that give the same effects too, and those lamps can be powered by the engine of the submarine

    • WypmanGames

      WypmanGames

      Päev tagasi

      @Eddie J. G. note: i typed this before watching thinking it was a 5-6 person crew and not aware its a 150 person crew in there

    • Eddie J. G.

      Eddie J. G.

      Päev tagasi

      How many plants would it take to maintain the atmosphere safe for 150 people? How much fresh water would be needed to maintain the plants?

  • Enila5

    Enila5

    Päev tagasi

    19:41 father and son

  • Juan Gabriel Falcon

    Juan Gabriel Falcon

    Päev tagasi

    Why is the need of scrubbing the CO2? Shouldn't be enough to add the oxygen? (I don't understand why is more CO2 released in the air)

    • Eddie J. G.

      Eddie J. G.

      Päev tagasi

      We exhale CO2... as in, our bodies produce CO2 as a byproduct of metabolism. We’re constantly making CO2.

  • Klipk

    Klipk

    2 päeva tagasi

    "So is this you job" LOL

  • J Steensgaard

    J Steensgaard

    2 päeva tagasi

    Amazing video as always, but there's one thing i don't understand. Where does the Carbon come from?

    • J Steensgaard

      J Steensgaard

      Päev tagasi

      @Eddie J. G. Alright cool. Thanks man

    • Eddie J. G.

      Eddie J. G.

      Päev tagasi

      @J Steensgaard yes... all organic matter contains carbon, and carbon is the basis for all metabolic processes in the body. We get more by eating it.

    • J Steensgaard

      J Steensgaard

      Päev tagasi

      @Eddie J. G. But wouldn't that mean that the people are eventually 'emptied' of carbon? The people need to get the carbon into them somehow. Is that all through food?

    • Eddie J. G.

      Eddie J. G.

      Päev tagasi

      People.

  • wabs05

    wabs05

    2 päeva tagasi

    So interesting thank you! Will discuss this electrolysis method in my science class

  • B Person

    B Person

    2 päeva tagasi

    Do they sing "happy birthday" when they light the candles?

  • Andrew Murray

    Andrew Murray

    2 päeva tagasi

    All you need is a bit of greenery - plants produce oxygen and consume CO2 although....a bit hard without sunlight.

  • Hey Ho

    Hey Ho

    2 päeva tagasi

    3:33 Who else thought they had a massage area

  • Bharat Kumar Bellamkonda

    Bharat Kumar Bellamkonda

    2 päeva tagasi

    class Delta fire. I like the sound of it.

  • Bharat Kumar Bellamkonda

    Bharat Kumar Bellamkonda

    2 päeva tagasi

    this video is appearing in my recommendations for than a month. I finally clicked it and liked it. YouTube never fails to amaze.

  • Sheik S

    Sheik S

    2 päeva tagasi

    I learn more information about your tips

  • only pain

    only pain

    2 päeva tagasi

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  • Joe D

    Joe D

    2 päeva tagasi

    This was an amazing video

  • Fenrir Nobody

    Fenrir Nobody

    2 päeva tagasi

    When he said it was "self oxidizing", I realized it was a form of thermite reaction, where O2 was an output of the reaction, released into the atmosphere. Amazing.

  • Sniperbuddy Dex

    Sniperbuddy Dex

    2 päeva tagasi

    i dont understand to it... so they are making oxy-hydrogen gas and separating hydrogen and breathable oxygen? because otherwise they could die due to poisoning from "browns gas" and i thought that this process of electrolysis is able to use only in welding technique or cars and not even thinked about it can be used as oxygen generator to submarines. nice video

    • Eddie J. G.

      Eddie J. G.

      Päev tagasi

      We purify water, then we use electrolysis to separate the oxygen from the hydrogen. We discharge the hydrogen overboard and store the oxygen or release the oxygen straight into the air.

  • dsfgh zxc

    dsfgh zxc

    2 päeva tagasi

    so... the mea doesn't scrub the carbon off of the co2... it actually takes the co2 out of the air

  • rollonbc

    rollonbc

    2 päeva tagasi

    What happens to the co with the lithium hydroxide method?

    • Eddie J. G.

      Eddie J. G.

      Päev tagasi

      @rollonbc I don’t know much about rebreathers.

    • rollonbc

      rollonbc

      Päev tagasi

      @Eddie J. G. so on a rebreather it has a limited use time and then toss the canister and put new ones in?

    • Eddie J. G.

      Eddie J. G.

      Päev tagasi

      The lithium hydroxide combines with the CO2 to become lithium carbonate and... just stays that way. We’d just throw it away.

  • Silvia Fox

    Silvia Fox

    2 päeva tagasi

    Fun Fact: We are capable of scrubbing the CO2 out of this planet's atmosphere similarly to the way described in this video in amounts equal to or greater than what we produce. We have already built and used facilities to do such, with the largest currently being built in Texas. It is a 1 Megaton atmospheric CO2 plant, which is the equivalent of 14,000,000 trees in that one CO2 plant. It works great and we would only need 40,000 of those facilities across the world to capture all of the CO2 produced on Earth. Sadly all our anti-CO2 funding is going into monetarily inefficient "green ideas" hyped by the mainstream environmentalists funded by certain institutions focused on selfish goals which are not going to help the majority of our people prosper while keeping our environment healthy.

  • Dalton Cloninger

    Dalton Cloninger

    2 päeva tagasi

    The Clinkers are named after an old blacksmithing term. When a blacksmith burns coal, some of the coal's impurities cant burn and are left behind, so you end up with a chunk of hard rock like materials in your forge. But when those chunks fall in your forge blowing fan they will "clink" around until settling or falling out.

  • Jeffstan F

    Jeffstan F

    2 päeva tagasi

    Oxygen not included. Both way applied.

  • Open your eyes

    Open your eyes

    2 päeva tagasi

    4:40 the dude in the back lol

  • Bryan Overton

    Bryan Overton

    2 päeva tagasi

    "We own practically 90% of the boat"
    I'm sure that TM div and M div totally agree with that statement.

  • scubaseppy

    scubaseppy

    2 päeva tagasi

    Could you burn this in your house in an emergency for heat?

  • Tom Liu

    Tom Liu

    2 päeva tagasi

    Destin when not filming: Haha I sabotaged your oxygen supply! See ya! ( is among us dead? )

  • Nate

    Nate

    2 päeva tagasi

    Great, now I have the science I need to hide from other humans underwater indefinitely.

  • Bath Minchew

    Bath Minchew

    2 päeva tagasi

    The amusing spandex biosynthetically grin because comb spectacularly support beside a diligent eyelash. anxious, anxious shears

  • Jacob DeBerry

    Jacob DeBerry

    2 päeva tagasi

    Can you do a video on nonlinear acoustic lenses and sound bullets?

  • Wild Mountain Gwendy

    Wild Mountain Gwendy

    2 päeva tagasi

    Sooo...submarines are filled with really tough nerds. That’s awesome.

  • Jason Garfitt

    Jason Garfitt

    2 päeva tagasi

    This is a great video

  • Trevor Johnston

    Trevor Johnston

    2 päeva tagasi

    Is this... like... "legal?" I mean, isn't showing all this stuff kind of like revealing somewhat sensitive information, possibly harmful in the wrong hands? I mean.. shows where and how all the mechanisms for one of the most vital functions keeping our nation's service people *alive*... seems kind of sensitive,

  • Mr. Gherkin

    Mr. Gherkin

    2 päeva tagasi

    O x y g e n

  • John Springart

    John Springart

    2 päeva tagasi

    Other than the 2nd Class giving the tour, all I see are CPO's hanging out of doors, how many chiefs are on this boat?!

  • Michael Lederman

    Michael Lederman

    2 päeva tagasi

    About 40 years ago when I was a teen I bought an Oxygen Welding device from Sears which used a small version of those candles with a red substance on the tip, you'd light them just like you would a match and they burned at a phenomenal rate of heat.